Marshall Islands Environment
An Eclectic Bibliography

compiled by Dirk H.R. Spennemann




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Agassiz, A
1903Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer "Albatross", from August, 1899, to March
1900Commander Jefferson F. Moser, U.S.N., commanding IV: The coral reefs of the tropical Pacific. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. Vol. 26-34


Aldrich, J.M
1931New acalyptrate Diptera from the Pacific and Oriental Regions. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 7(3), 395-399.
Scientific paper on insects (Diptera) from the Pacific area, including references from Wake Atoll.


Allen, P.S
1920Stewart's Handbook of the Pacific Islands. Sydney: ____


Amerson, A.B. & P.J.Skelton
1976 The Natural History of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 192. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.


Amerson, A.B., R.B.Clapp & W.O.Wirtz II
1974The natural history of Pearl and Hermes Reef, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 174. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.


Amerson, A.B
1969Ornithology of the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 127. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.


Amerson, A.Binion
1969. Ornithology of the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 127. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.

Amerson, B.J
1971 The Natural History of French Frigate Shoals, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 150. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
General account of the natural history of the French Frigate Shoals. The account contains a section on the history of the shoals.


AMS
198Airphoto coverage of the Marshall Islands, shot in April 1983 at a scale of 1:4,000. , Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Public Lands Survey Project, Contract @@@@. Saipan: Asia Mapping Ltd.


AMS
1946U.S. Army Map Service Topographic Map of Knox Atoll, Northern Part. Based on U.S. Navy airphotography flown in 1944. Sheet 8639 IV NE Chirubon NE. Map AMS Series W861 Scale 1:25,000. Washington, DC.: U.S. Department of the Army.


AMS
1946U.S. Army Map Service Topographic Map of Knox Atoll, Northern Part. Based on U.S. Navy airphotography flown in 1944. Sheet 8639 IV SE Chirubon SE. Map AMS Series W861 Scale 1:25,000. Washington, DC.: U.S. Department of the Army.


AMS
1947U.S. Army Map Service Topographic Map of Knox Atoll, Northern Part. Based on U.S. Navy airphotography flown in 1944. Sheet 8639 IV NE Chirubon NE. Map AMS Series W861 Scale 1:25,000. Washington, DC.: U.S. Department of the Army.


AMS
1947U.S. Army Map Service Topographic Map of Knox Atoll, Northern Part. Based on U.S. Navy airphotography flown in 1944. Sheet 8639 IV SE Chirubon SE. Map AMS Series W861 Scale 1:25,000. Washington, DC.: U.S. Department of the Army.


AMS
1979Airphoto coverage of the Marshall Islands, shot in January 1976 at a scale of 1:8,000. , Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Public Lands Survey Project, Contract 174-79. Saipan: Asia Mapping Ltd.


Anderson, D.A
1981. Observations of birds at Ujelang and other northern Marshall Islands atolls. Micronesica 17: 198-212.

Anderson, D.A
1981Observations of birds at Ujelang and other northern Marshall Islands atolls. Micronesica 17:198-212.


Anion
1990Small States Conference on Sea Level Rise. Male Declaration on Global Warming and Sea Level Rise. American University Journal of International Law and Policy 5, (Winter 1990): 602-605.


Anonymous

Anonymous
1895Einiges über die klimatischen Verhältnisse von den Marschallinseln. Kölnische Volkszeitung 23 June 1895.
The article covers reports on the climate of the Marshall Islands and compares it with that of Kiribati.


Anonymous
1905 Bericht des geschäftsführenden Vizegouverneurs in Ponape über den Orkan vom 20. April 1905 . Deutsches Kolonialblatt 16,407-409; 459.


Anonymous
1940[Typhoon on Wake Atoll]. Pacific Islands Monthly Vol. 11 (4), November 1940, Page 55.


Anonymous
1941Rats-crabs-birds; how PAA unwittingly upset nature's balance at Wake Island. Pacific Islands Monthly Vol. 12 (3), October 1941, Page 68.


Anonymous
1952Wake Island's big blow. Typhoon levels Pacific outpost. Life [Magazine] Vol. 33, 28-29, September 29, 1952.
Public account on the effects of Typhoon Olive on Wake Atoll; article includes pictures.


Anonymous
1952Wake levelled by Typhoon. Pacific Islands Monthly 23(3), October 1952, Page 20.
Report on the effects of a typhoon which devastated Wake Atoll.The paper contains illustrations.


Anonymous
1969Marshall Islands Survey Trip Report. December 1989. Boulder, Colorado: Facilities Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research.


Anonymous
1983Guide to islands in the tropical Pacific. Preliminary revised edition. Honolulu: Pacific Science Information Center, Bernice P.Bishop Museum.


Anonymous
1988Botanical Survey of Kwajalein Missile Range, Marshall Islands. Ms. on file Republic of the Marshall Islands National Register of Archaeological and Historical Sites.


Arnow, T
1954The Hydrology of the Northern Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 30. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Atkinson, Marlin J
1987Oceanography of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 57 - 70


Ault, J.P
1929Form of the slope of Wake Island. Gerlands Beiträge zur Geophysik 23 (1), 8-9.


Ayres, P.A

Bailey, A.M
1951 Notes on the birds of Midway and Wake Islands. Wilson Bulletin 63(1), 33-37.
General paper on birds in the Central Pacific area.


Bailey, A.M
1951bWake Observations. In: A.M.Bailey & R.J.Niederach (eds.), Stepping Stones across the Pacific; a narrative of the Denver Museum of natural history expedition to the mid-Pacific Ocean. Denver Museum of Natural History, Museum Pictorial 3, 47-64.
Report on the Denver Museum expedition to the islands in the central Pacific Ocean. The article details a number of ornithological, zoological and botanical observations.


Bailey, J.W. & W.H.Harvey
1874 Algae. In: U.S.Exploring Expedition, Vol 17, Botany Cryptogamia. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard. pp. 153-192.
First description of algae from Wake Atoll, collected and observed during the U.S.Exploring Expedition's visit to Wake Atoll in 1840.


Baker, R.H
1951. The avifauna of Micronesia. Its origin, evolution, and distribution. University of Kansas Publications Museum of Natural History 3(1), 1-359.

Baker, R.H
1951The avifauna of Micronesia. Its origin, evolution, and distribution. University of Kansas Publications Museum of Natural History 3(1), 1-359.


Banner, A.H., J.C.Nevenzel & W.R. Hudgins
1969Marine Toxins from the Pacific II. The contamination of Wake Island Lagoon. Atoll Research Bulletin 122. Washington: Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.


Banner, A.H
1957Contributions to the Knowledge of the Alpheid Shrimp of the Pacific Ocean Part II, Collection from Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands, Pac. Sci., Johnson, M.W.,11: 190-206.


Banner, A.H
1968 Contirbutions to the Knowledge of the Alpheid Shrimp of the Pacific Ocean, Part XII, Collections from the Marshall and Caroline Islands, Micronesica, 4: 261-294.


Bayer, F.M
1949 The Alcyonaria of Bikini and Other Atolls in the Marshall Group, Part I: the Gorgonacea, Pac. Sci., 3: 195-214.


Berger, A.J

Berger, A.J
1987. Avifauna of Enewetak Atoll. In: Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 215-220.

Bergersen, D. D
1995Cretaceous hotspot tracks through the Marshall Islands. Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 144: 605-nnn.


Bergersen, D. D
1995Physiography and architecture of Marshall Islands guyots drilled during Leg 144: geophysical constraints of platform development. Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 144; 561-nnn.


Bernstein, A.S
1974Diet and Competition for Food Among the Predatory Gastropods of Limestone Benches in Hawaii and Eniwetok, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon.


Biddulph, O., and R. Cory
1952The Relationship Between Ca45. Total Calcium and Fission Product Radioactivity in Plants of Portulaca oleracea Growing in the Vicinity of the Atom Bomb Test Sites on Eniwetok Atoll. UWFL-31, Appl. Fish. Lab. Univ. Wash.


Biddulph, O
1950Section VI of Radiobiological Survey of Bikini, Eniwetok and Likiep Atolls, July-August, 1949, UWFL-2, Appl. Fish. Lab. Univ. Wash.


Bindman, Dan
1992Will They Go Under? It's Not as Cut and Dried as Some Would Have You Believe. Islands Business Pacific, March 1992, 26-27.


Bloom, A.J
1970Paludal stratigraphy of Truk, Ponape and Kusaie, Eastern Caroline Islands. Geological Society of America Bulletin 81, 1895-1904.


Blumenstock, D.I
1961(ed.) A report on Typhoon effects upon Jaluit Atoll. Atoll Resarch Bulletin 75. Washington, D.C.: Pacific Science Board.


Boettger, O
1904 Landschnecken der Insel Nauru (Marschall-Inseln). Zoologische Jahrbücher 20, 409-412.
The paper describes a collection of land snails collected in Nauru in 1902-03 by Ludwig Kaiser and submitted by Dr. Schnee, the German Government Physician of the Marshall Islands


Boettger, O
1904Beschreibung einer neuen Melanie von den Marschall-Inseln. Zoologische Jahrbücher 20, 408-409.
The paper describes a species of land snail collected in 1902-03 by the German Government Physician of the Marshall Islands


Borden, Ch.A
1961South Sea Islands. Philadelphia: Macrae Smith Co.


Brost, F.B., & R.D. Coale
1971A guide to shell collecting in the Kwajalein Atoll. Tuttle: Rutland, Vermont & Tokyo, Japan.
Photo-illustrated description of shell species found in Kwajalein lagoon. The volume provides information on locations where the shells can be found.


Bruce, A.J., and D.L. Zmarzly
1983Periclimenes pilipes, New Species, a Crinoid Associated from Eniwetak Atoll, Marshall Islands (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pontiinae), J. Crust. Bio., 3: 644-654.


Bruce, A.J
1979a A Report on a Small Collection of Pontoniine Shrimps from Eniwetok Atoll, Crustaceana (Leiden), 5: 209-230.

1979b Ctenopontonia cyphastreophila, A New Genus and Species of Coral Associated Pontoniine Shrimp from Eniwetok Atoll, Bull. Mar. Sci., 29: 423-435.


Bryan, E., H
1944Revegetation of certain Marshall Islands. Unpublished Report. Central Pacific Base Command.


Bryan, E.H. jr., and collaborators
1926Insects of Hawaii, Johnston Island and Wake Island. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 31, 1-94. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum.
General paper on the insects of the Central Pacific Ocean, includes references to Wake Atoll.


Bryan, E.H. jr
1926a Insects of the Tanager Expedition (Abstract). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Academy of Science, 1st Annual Meeting 1926. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Special Publication 11, 31. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum.
Short description of the insects found on Wake Atoll collected during the 1923 Tanager Expedition.


Bryan, E.H. jr
1926bEphyrid fly new to Hawaii. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 6(2): 279.
Scientific description of a new fly species from Wake Atoll.


Bryan, E.H. jr
1948Flies on Wake. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 13, 221.
Short general paper on fly species of Wake Atoll.


Bryan, E.H. jr
1959. Notes on the geography and natural history of Wake Island. Atoll Research Bulletin 66. Washington: Pacific Science Board.

Bryan, E.H., Jr., and M.A. Lee
1975 Survey of Terrestrial Plants on Enewetak Atoll, Mid-Pacific Marine Laboratory Annual Report, 1974-1975, NVO-0628-T11.


Bryan, E.H., Jr
1944Revegetation of Certain Marshall Islands, unpubl. report, Cent. Pac. Base Comm.


Bryan, E.H., Jr
1972Life in the Marshall Islands, Pacific Science Information Center, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.


Bryan, E.H., jr
1959Notes on the geography and natural history of Wake Island. Atoll Research Bulletin 66. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Bryan, Edwin H., jr
1953Checklist of atolls. Atoll Research Bulletin 19. Washington: Pacific Science Board.
General checklist of atolls, lists Wake and provides some additional names.


Bryan, Edwin H., jr
1972Life in the Marshall Islands. Honolulu, Hawaii: Pacific Scientific Information Center.


Buddemeier, R.W., S.V.Smith & R.A.Kinzie
1975Holocene windward reef-flat history, Enewetak Atoll. Geological Society of America Bulletin 86, 1581-1584.


Bushman, J.B., D.D. Parker, and D.E. Johnson
1963A Report on the Team Effort at Eniwetok Atoll, Pacific Ocean, University of Utah for U.S. Army Chemical Corps, Dugway Proving Ground (typed report).


Bybell, L.M., and Poore, R.Z
1989Calcareous nannofossil and planktic foraminifers from Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific Ocean, 1991, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1513-C, 21 p. Campbell, I.C. A History of the Pacific Islands. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.


Caldwell, R., and H. Dingle
1972 Aggressive and Reproductive Behavior of Stomatopod Crustaceans, Eniwetok Mar. Biol. Lab., 1971-1972 Ann. Rept.


Caldwell, R., and S. Brunenmeister
1975Agnostic Behavior of Stomatopod Crustacea, Mid-Pacific marine Lab., Ann Rept., 1975: 26-27.


Caldwell, R
1975 Ecology and Evolution of Agnostic Behavior in Stomatopods, Naturwissenschaftes, 62: 214-222.


Camoin, G. F., Vanneau, A. Arnaud and Ogg, J. G
1995Anatomy and evolution of the inner perimeter ridge (Sites 874 and 877) of a Campanian-Maastrichtian atoll-like structure (Wodejebato Guyot, Marshall Islands). Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 144; 271-nnn.


Carpenter, M.L., Jackson, W.B. and Fall, M.W
1968. Bird populations at Enewetak Atoll Micronesica 4(2): 294-307.

Carpenter, M.L., Jackson, W.B. and Fall, M.W
1968Bird populations at Enewetak Atoll Micronesica 4(2): 294-307.


Carter, J
1986The Pacific Islands Year Book. 15th edition. Sydney: Pacific Publications.


Carter, T.D., J.E.Hill & G.H.H.Tate
1946Mammals of the Pacific World. New York:The Macmillan Company.


Casey, E
1966. The birds of Wake Island `Elepaio 43:69-70.

Casey, E
1966The birds of Wake Island `Elepaio 43:69-70.


Cassin, J
1858Mammalogy and Ornithology. In: U.S.Exploring Expedition, Vol 8, Philadelphia: J.L.Lippincott.
First description of the birds and mammals from Wake Atoll, collected and observed during the U.S.Exploring Expedition's visit to Wake Atoll in 1840.


Cernohorsky, W.O
1967Marine shells of the Pacific. Sydney: Pacific Publications.
Descriptions of shell species in the Pacific region. Well illustrated standard text for shell identifications.


Cernohorsky, W.O
1972Marine shells of the Pacific. Vol II. Sydney: Pacific Publications.
Descriptions of shell species in the Pacific region. Well illustrated standard text for shell identifications.


Cernohorsky, W.O
1978Tropical Pacific marine shells. Sydney: Pacific Publications.
Descriptions of shell species in the Pacific region. Well illustrated standard text for shell identifications.


Chace, F.A., Jr
1955 Notes on Shrimps from the Marshall Islands, Proc. USNM, 105(3349): 1-22.


Chave, E. H. and Devaney, Dennis M
1987Recent Forminifera Nonplanktonic Protozoans in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 37 - 48.


Child, C. Allan
1987Pycnogonida of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 179 - 180.


Child, C.A
1982Pycnogonida from the Marshall Islands, Proc. Bio. Sco. Wash., 95: 270-281.


Chilson, L.M
1953Fleas on Wake Island. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 15(1), 1.
Short general paper on the discovery of a flea species on a warehouse floor on Wake Atoll.


Christopherson, E
1931Vascular Plants of Johnstone and Wake Islands. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 9(13) 1-20.
The paper discusses the vascular plants collected during the 1923 Tanager Expedition on Wake and Johnston Atolls.


Clapp, R.B. & E.Kridler
1977The natural history of Necker Island, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 206. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
Report on the natural history of Necker Island. Contains a section detailing the operations of Japanese feather poachers in the north-western Hawaian Chain, which has relevance to similar operations on Eneen-Kio.


Clapp, R.B. & W.O.Wirtz II
1975The natural history of Lisianski Island, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 186. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
Report on the natural history of Lisianski Island. Contains a section detailing the operations of Japanese feather poachers in the north-western Hawaian Chain, which has relevance to similar operations on Eneen-Kio.


Clapp, R.B., E.Kridler & R.R.Fleet
1977The natural history of Nihoa Island, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 207. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
Report on the natural history of Nihoa Island. Contains a section detailing the operations of Japanese feather poachers in the north-western Hawaian Chain, which has relevance to similar operations on Eneen-Kio.


Clapp, R.B
1988. Notes on the birds of Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. Washington: National Ecology Research Center, U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service, National Museum of Natural History.

Clapp, R.B
1988Notes on the birds of Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. Washington: National Ecology Research Center, U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service, National Museum of Natural History.


Clark, A.H
1951 Butterflies of the Marshall Islands, Proc. Entomol. Soc.Wash., 53: 43-44.


Clark, H.L
1925Echinoderms other than sea stars. In: Marine Zoology of the tropical Central Pacific. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 27: Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 89-111.
The paper discusses sea urchins and other echinoderms collected during the 1923 Tanager Expedition. The paper includes specimens collected on Wake Atoll.


Cole, A.C
1949 The Ants of Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands (Hymenoptera), Pan-Pac. Entmol., 25: 172-174.


Cole, A.C
1951 Insects from Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, J. Tenn. Acad. Sci., 26: 246-248.


Cole, W.S
1957Larger Foraminifera from Eniwetok Atoll Drill Holes, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 260-V, pp. 743-784.


Colin, P.L. and Bell, L.J
1991Aspects of the spawning of labrid and scarid fishes (Pisces: Labroidei) at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands with notes on other families. Environmental biology of fishes.31(3): 229-nnn.


Colin, P.L
1987Physiography of Enewetak Atoll. In: Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 27-36.


Connell, John, and John Lea
1992 My Country Will Not Be There: Global Warming, Development and the Planning Response in Small Island States. Cities 9, (November 1992): 295-309.


Cox, D.C
1951The Hydrology of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 8. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Crawford, Martha J., Paul. Holthus, C. Makroro, E. Nakasaki, and S. Sullivan
1992Vulnerabiliy Assessment to Accelerated Sea Level Rise, Case Study: Majuro Atoll (Executive Summary). U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1992.


Crawford, Martha J
1992 Republic of the Marshall Islands National Environment Management Strategy-Part A: State of the Environment Report. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 1992.


Crawford, Martha J
1992Republic of the Marshall Islands National Environment Management Strategy-Part B: Action Strategy for Strengthening Environmental Management 1992-1996. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 1992.


Cresson, E.T. jr
1934Descriptions of a new genus and species of the dipterous family Ephydridae XI. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 60, 199-222.
The article contains a scientific description of a new fly species occurring in the Hawaiian area inc; species on Wake


Cross-Cultural Survey
1943 Gazetteer of the Marshall Islands. Bibliography of Micronesia Vol. 1 Cross-Cultural Survey Institute of Human Relations, Yale University, 1943.


Cross-Cultural Survey
1943Metereology of the Marshall Islands. Bibliography of Micronesia Vol. 2 Cross-Cultural Survey Institute of Human Relations, Yale University, 1943.


Cuffey, Roger J. and Cox, Robert S
1987 Reef-Dwelling Bryozoans of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 85 - 92.


Cummins, G.B
1940Descriptions of tropical rusts. Torrey Botany Club Bulletin 67,67-75.
The paper contains a description of tropical rusts and contains references to species occurring on Wake Atoll.


Curray, J.R., F.P.Sheppard & H.H.Veeh
1970Late quarternary sea-level studies in Micronesia: CARMARSEL Expedition. Geological Society of America Bulletin 81, 1865-1880.


Cushman, J.A., R. Todd, and R.J. Post
1954 Recent Foraminifera of the Marshall Islands, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 260-H, pp. 319-384.


Cutress, Bertha M. and Rowe, Francis W. E
1987Holothurians of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 263 - 276.


Cutress, C. E. and Arneson A. C
1987 Sea Anemones of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 53 - 62.


Dana, J.D
1846Zoophytes. In: U.S.Exploring Expedition,Vol 7, Crustacea. Philadelphia: C.Sherman.
First description of the corals from Wake Atoll, collected and observed during the U.S.Exploring Expedition's visit to Wake Atoll in 1840.


Davis, Alice S., Pringle, Malcolm S. and Pickthorn, Leda-Beth G
1989Petrology and Age of Alkalic Lava From the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. Journal of geophysical research. 94(5): 5757-nnn.


DEIS
1989Draft Environmental Impact Statement Proposed Actions at U.S.Army Kwajalein Atoll. June 1989. Huntsville, Alabama: Department of the Army, U.S. Army Strategic Defense Command.


Devaney, Dennis M. and Bailey-Brock, Julie H
1987Polychaetes of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 97 - 104.


Devaney, Dennis M. and Bruce A. J
1987Crustacea Decapod (Penaeidea, Stenopodidea, Caridea, and Palinura) of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 221 - 234.


Devaney, Dennis M. and Lang, Judith C
1987Scleractinia (Stont Corals) of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 67 - 76.


Devaney, Dennis M
1987Echinodermata Other than Holothurians of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 277 - 286.

1987Nonplanktonic Copepoda of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp197 - 202.

1987Octocorallia of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 63 - 66.

1987Porifera of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 49 - 52.

1987Sipunculans and chiurans of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 93 - 94.


Devaney, Dennis M
1987Platyhelminthes, Nemertea, and Nematoda of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 95 - 96.


Diamond, J.M
1969Avifaunal equilibria and species turnover rates on the Channel Islands of California. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 64:57-63


Diamond, J.M
1976Colonization Cycles in Man and Beast. World Anthropology 8:249-261


Dixon, K.L. & W.C.Starrett
1952Offshore observations of tropical sea birds in the Western Pacific. The Auk 69, 266-272.
Offshore observations of sea birds seen near Wake Atoll in 1946 and 1946.


Douglas, G
1969Draft checklist of Pacific Oceanic islands. Micronesica 5, 327-464


Drummond-Hay, H

Dunn, Paul H. and Reynolds, Don
1987Fungi of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 11 - 16.


Ebert, T.A., and R.F. Ford
1986Population Ecology and Fishery Potential of the Soiny Lobster Panulirus pencillatus at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, Bull. Mar. Sci., 38: 56-67.


Edmondson, Ch.H
1925Crustacea. In: Marine Zoology of the tropical Central Pacific. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 27: Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. pp. 3-62.
The paper discusses the crabs and shrimp collected during the 1923 Tanager Expedition. The paper includes specimens collected on Wake Atoll.


Eldredge, Lucius G
1987Protocordates of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 287 - 288.


Ely, Ch. A., & R.B.Clapp
1973The natural history of Laysan Island, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 171. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
Report on the natural history of Laysan Island. Contains a section detailing the operations of Japanese feather poachers in the north-western Hawaian Chain, which has relevance to similar operations on Eneen-Kio.


Emery, K.O., J.I.Tracey & H.S.Ladd
1954Geology of Bikini and nearby atolls. Part 1: Geology U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 260-A. Washington D.C.


Engbring, John, and Peter Pyle
@@Checklist of the Birds of Micronesia. Honolulu: Hawaii Audubon Society.


Engler, A
1896Notizen ueber die Flora der Marschall-Inseln. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens Berlin. 1,222-226


Enos, Paul, Camoin, G. F. and Davies, G. R
1995Diagenesis of platform carbonates, Wodejebato Guyot, Marshall Islands. Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 144: 789-nnn.


Erdland, Augustin
1905Sturm auf Jaluit. Hiltruper Monatshefte, Pp. 447-


Escholtz, F
1821Description of foreign butterflies. In: O.von Kotzebue, A voyage of discovery into the South Sea and Beering's Strais. for the purpose of exploring a north-east passage undertaken in the years 1815-1818, at the expense of His Highness the Chancellor of the Empire, Count Romanzoff in the ship Rurick, under the command of the Lieutenant in the Russian Imperial Navy, Otto von Kotzebue. 3 vols. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown.Vol. III, pp. 365-402.


Eschscholtz, F
1830 Review of the zoological collection. In: O.von Kotzebue, A new voyage around the world in the years 1823-1826. London:H.Colbourn & R.Bentley. Volume II, pp 325-362.
Account of the zoological specimens collected during the second Russian exploring expedition to the Marshall Islands.


Fall, M.W., A.B. Medina, and W.B. Jackson
1971Feeding Patterns of Rattus rattus and Rattus exulans on Eniwetok Atoll. Marshall Islands, J. Mammal., 52: 69-76.


Findlay, A.G
1886Directory for the navigation of the North Pacific Ocean. 3rd edition. Pp. 1035-1036.


Finsch, O

Finsch, O
1880a. Ornithological letters from the Pacific II. The Ibis 4(14): 218-220.
1880b. Ornithological letters from the Pacific II. The Ibis 4(15): 329-333.

Finsch, O
1880aOrnithological letters from the Pacific II. The Ibis 4(14): 218-220.


Finsch, Otto
1886Die Marschall-Inseln. Die Gartenlaube.34, 37-38.


Fisher, W.K
1925Sea stars. In: Marine Zoology of the tropical Central Pacific. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 27: Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 63-88.
The paper discusses sea stars (echinoderms) collected during the 1923 Tanager Expedition. The paper includes specimens collected on Wake Atoll.


Follansbee, W
1952Typhoon Olive. Ms. mimeographed, copy helld in the Library of the Bernice P.Bishop Museum in Hololul. 17 pp.
Description of the effects of typhoon Olive hitting Wake Atoll in 1952.


Ford, R.E., T.A. Ebert, M. McCollum and D. Bartley
1979Population Characteristics and Fishery Potential of Spiny Lobsters at Enewetak Atoll, MPRL Ann. Rept. FY 1978-79.


Fosberg, F.R
1955Northern Marshall Islands Expedition 1951-1952. Narrative. Atoll Research Bulletin 37. Washington: Pacific Science Board.
1966. Northern Marshall Islands Land Biota: birds. Atoll Research Bulletin 114. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
1990. A review of the Natural History of the Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin. 330. Washington: Smithonian Institution.

Fosberg, F.Raymond & D.Carroll
1965Terrestrial sediments and soils of the Northern Marshall Islands.Atoll Research Bulletin 113. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Fosberg, F.Raymond & M.-H. Sachet
1969Wake Island Vegetation and Flora, 1961-1963. Atoll Research Bulletin 123. Washington: Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.


Fosberg, F.Raymond & M.-H. Sachet
1987 Flora of the Gilbert Islands, Kiribati, Checklist. Atoll Research Bulletin 295. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.


Fosberg, F.Raymond & M.-H.Sachet
1962Vascular Plants recorded from Jaluit Atoll. Atoll Research Bulletin 92. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1946Botanical Report on Micronesia. U.S.Commercial Company Economic Survey of Micronesia. Typewritten 1947.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1949Atoll vegetation and Salinity. Pacific Science 3,89-92.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1954Soils of the northern Marshall Atolls with special reference to the Jemo series. Soil Science 78(2), 99-107.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1955a Northern Marshall Islands Expedition 1951-1952. Narrative. Atoll Research Bulletin 38. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1955aNorthern Marshall Islands Expedition 1951-1952. Narrative. Atoll Research Bulletin 37. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1955b Northern Marshall Islands Expedition, 1951-1952. Land biota:vascular plants. Atoll Research Bulletin 39. Washington: Pacific Science Board.

1959b Vegetation and flora of Wake Island. Atoll Research Bulletin 67. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1955bNorthern Marshall Islands Expedition, 1951-1952. Land biota: vascular plants. Atoll Research Bulletin 39. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1956Military Geography of the Northern Marshalls. Engineer Intelligence Dossier, Strategic Study Marshall, Subfile 19, Analysis of the Natural Environment. Prepared under the direction of the Chief of Engineers, U.S.Army by the Intelligence Division Office of the Engineer Headquarters United States Army Forces Far East with personnel of the United States Geological Survey.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1959 Additional Records of Phanerograms from the Northern Marshall Islands, Atoll Res. Bull., 68: 1-9.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1960 The Vegetation of Micronesia. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 119: 1-76.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1961VII.Soils. In: D.I.Blumenstock (ed.) A report on Typhoon effects upon Jaluit Atoll. Atoll Resarch Bulletin 75. Washington, D.C.: Pacific Science Board. Pp. 47-49.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1961VIII.Flora and vegetation. In: D.i.Blumenstock (ed.) A report on Typhoon effects upon Jaluit Atoll. Atoll Resarch Bulletin 75. Washington, D.C.: Pacific Science Board. Pp. 51-55.,


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1966Northern Marshall Islands land biota: birds. Atoll Research Bulletin 114. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1987Vegetation of Bikini 1985. In: Interim Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the rehabilitation of soil at Bikini Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands.Bikini Rehabilitation Committee Supplementary Document No. 2, July 1987. Berkerley, CA: Bikini Rehabilitation Committee.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1988Vegetation of Bikini. Atoll Research Bulletin 315. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1988Vegetation of Bikini. Atoll Research Bulletin 315. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.


Fosberg, F.Raymond
1990 A review of the Natural History of the Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin. 330. Washington: Smithonian Institution.


Foulton, J.F
1939A trip to Bohol in search of tarsius. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 11, 561-573.
General description of Wake Atoll by a naturalist during a stop-over on a trans-Pacific Trip.


Fowler, H.W. & S.C.Ball
1925Fishes of Hawaii, Johnstone Island and Wake Island. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 26. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum.
The paper discusses fish specimens collected and seen during the 1923 Tanager Expedition. The paper includes specimens collected on Wake Atoll.


Fowler, H.W., & S.C.Ball
1924Descriptions of new fishes obtained by the Tanager expedition of 1923 in the Pacific Islands west of Hawaii. Proceedings of the Academy Natural Sciencies Philadelphia 76, 269-274.
The paper discusses fish specimens collected and seen during the 1923 Tanager Expedition. The paper includes specimens collected on Wake Atoll.


Freeman, O.W
1951Hawaii and the American island outposts. In: O.W.Freeman (ed.), Geography of the Pacific.New York: Wiley & Sons. Pp.328-363.


Friedrichs, K
1865Marschall-Inseln.. Globus VIII, 351.


Friedrichsen, I
1879Karte der Marschall Inseln auf der Basis der englischen Admiralitätskarte No. 983 nach den von J.Kubary auf Ebon eingezogenen Erkundingungen und nach Angaben des Capitaen Mellen. Hamburg: Friedrichsen & Co.
Map of the Marshall Islands, contains notes on the population and on German Trading stations in the archipelago.


Friend, Tad
1997 Lost at Sea. Outside. 22(3): 54-61.
A tour of the Marshall Islands is presented. The US blew up 66 nuclear bombs on the islands between 1946 and 1958. The effects of the bombs on the islands and their inhabitants are examined.


Garth, John S., Haig, Janet and Knudsen Jens W
1987Crustacea Decapoda (Brachyura and Anomura) of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 235 - 262.


Gerber, R.P., and N. Marshall
1974 Ingestion of Deritus by the Lagoon Pelagic Community at Enewetak Atoll, Limnol. Oceanogr., 19: 815-824.


Gerber, R.P., and N. Marshall
1982Characterization of the Natural Suspended Particulate Organic Matter and Feeding of Lagoon and Zooplankton at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, Bull. Mar. Sci. 32: 290-300.


Gerber, R.P
1981Species Composition and Abundance of Lagoon Zooplankton at Eniwetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, Atoll Res. Bull., 247: 1-22.


Gerber, Ray P
1987 Lagoon Plankton of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 203 - 216.


Gilmartin, M
1958Some Observations on the Lagoon Plankton of Enewetak Atoll, Pac. Sci., 12: 313-316.


Glassman, S.F
1952The Flora of Ponape. Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 209. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum


Goetz, Carl
1914Die Koralleninseln as Grundlage menschlicher Siedelungen. Inaugural Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde der hohen philosophischen Fakultät der Universität Leipzig. Weida: Thomas & Hubert.


Gold, K., and E.A. Morales
1977Studies on the Tintinnida of Enewetak Atoll, J. Protozool., 24: 580-587.


Gooding, R.M
1972Oil pollution on Wake Island from the tanker R.C.Stoner. Seattle:National Marine Fisheries Service.
In 1976 the oil tanker R. C.Stoner, suppling aircraft gasoline and other fuel to Wake Atoll, foundered off the harbour entrance in September 1967, causing considerable pollution of marine life


Graham, James C. and Simon, Stephen L
1996A study of 137Cs in soil profiles from the Marshall Islands. Science of the total environment, 183(3) 255-nn.


Grant, Ch
1947Frigate bird and the Laysan rail. Condor 49(3) 130.
Paper on the birds of Wake Atoll, with special reference to the environmental conditions and their effects on the Wake Island rail.


Grant, Ch
1947Frigate bird and the Laysan rail. Condor 49(3) 130.


Grant, Richard E
1987 Brachiopods of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 77 - 84.


Gray, A
1854Botany, Panerogamia. Part I. U.S. Exploring Expedition 15. Philadelphia:C.Sherman.


Gulick, Luther Halsey
1862The Marshall-Islands. Nautical Magazine P.298


Hachisyka, M., N.Takatsukasa, S.Uchida & Y.Yamashina
1942Handlist of Japanese birds. 3rd. revised edition. Tokyo:____
Account of Japanese birds, includes bird records from the Japanese Mandated Islands and the Japanese acquistions in the early years of World War II. Includes records from Wake Atoll ("Otorijima").


Hager, Carl
1886Die Marshall Inseln in Erd- und Völkerkunde, Handel und Mission. Leipzig: G.Lingke.


Hailman, J
1979. Notes on the birds of Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands `Elepaio 40(6): 87-90.

Hailman, J
1979Notes on the birds of Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands `Elepaio 40:87-90.


Hamlin, S. & S.S.Anthony
1987 Groundwater resources of the Laura Area, Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. Denver, Co.: U.S.Geological Survey Center.


Harrison, G.S
1990Seabirds of Hawaii. Natural History and conservation. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.


Hatanaka, S
1977A bibliography of Micronesia compiled from Japanese Publication [sic] 1915-1945. Tokyo: Research Institute for Oriental Studies, Gakushuin University.


Hatheway, W.H
1953. The Land Vegetation of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 16. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.

Hatheway, W.H
1953The Land Vegetation of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 16. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Hein, J.R., W.C.Schwab & A.S.Davis
1988Cobalt- and Platinum-rich feromanganese crusts and associated substrate rocks from the Marshall Islands. Marine Geology 78, 255-283.


Heine, Carl, Lance Laack, and Espen Rønneberg
1992Republic of the Marshall Islands: Basic Facts and Statistics. New York: Permanent Mission of the Republic of the Marshall Islands to the United Nations


Helgenberger, Kasuo, Nancy Convard, South Pacific Commission, and South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
1992Country report for UNCED: Republic of the Marshall Islands. Apia, Western Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), 1992.


Hernsheim, Franz
1887Die Marshall-Inseln. Mittheilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg 1885-1886 (1887), 297-308.


Heymsfield, Andrew J. and McFarquhar, Greg M
1996High Albedos of Cirrus in the Tropical Pacific Warm Pool: Microphysical Interpretations from CEPEX and from Kwajalein, Marshall Islands. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 53(17):2424-2451.
The results of a study on whether relative reflective ice crystals with dimensions smaller than 100 mum near the tops of tropical cirrus clouds are principally responsible for the high albedos observed in this region are presented.


Hiatt, R.W. & D.W.Strasburg
1960Ecological relationships of the fish fauna on Coral reefs of the Marshall Islands. Ecological Monographs 30(1):65-127.


Hiatt, R.W
1950Marine Zoology Study of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 4. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Highsmith, R.C
1981Coral Bioerosion at Enewetak: Agents and Dynamics, Int Revue Gesamen. Hydrobiol., 66: 335-375.


Hirshfield, H.I., L. Helson, and R. Charmatz
1957Enewetak Protozoa., Rept. to EMBL.

1957Eniwetok Protozoa, Report to MPRL, 100pp.


Hirshfield, H.I., R. Charmatz, and L. Helson
1968Foraminifera in Samples Taken Mainly from Eniwetok Atoll in 1956 J. Protozool., 15: 497-502.


Hiyane, J.T
1967The culture and use of Polynesian arrowroot, T.Leontopetaloides in the Marshall Islands. Majuro: Trust Territory Agriculture Division, Majuro, Marshall Islands. (Contained in Archives of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Microfilm No. , 219).

1971aRats and coconuts in the Marshall Islands. Agricultural Extension Circular No. 12. Saipan, Mariana Islands: Divison of Agriculture, Department of Resources and Development, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

1971bPandanus in the Marshall Islands. Agricultural Extension Bulletin No. 10. Saipan, Mariana Islands: Divison of Agriculture, Department of Resources and Development, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.


Hobson, E.S., and J.R. Chess
1973Feeding Oriented Movements of the Atherinid Fish Pranesus pinguis at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, Fish. Bull., 71: 777-786.


Hobson, E.S., and J.R. Chess
1978Trophic Relationships Among Fishes and Plankton in the Lagoon at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, Fish. Bull., 76: 133-153.


Hull, F.M
1937Checklist of Syrphidae of Oceania. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. 13. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 79-87.


Hull, F.M
1937Checklist of Syrphidae of Oceania. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. 13. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 79-87.


Humes, A.G
1970bClavisodalis hterocentroti gen. n. et sp. n., a Cyclopoid Copepod Parasitic on an Echinoid at Eniwetok Atoll, J. Parasitol., 56: 575-583.


Humes, A.G
1971a Cyclopoid Copepods (Stellicomitidae) Parasitic on Sea Stars from Madagascar and Eniwetok Atoll, J. Parasitol., 57: 1330-1343.


Humes, A.G
1971bSunaristes (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) Associated with Hermit Crabs at Eniwetok Atoll, Pac. Sci., 25: 529-532.


Humes, A.G
1972a Pseudanthessius comanthi n. sp. (Copepoda, Cyclopoida) Associated with a Crinoid at Eniwetok Atoll, Pac. Sci., 26: 373-380.


Humes, A.G
1972bCyclopoid Copepods Associated with Tridacnidae (Millusca, Bivalvia) at Eniwetok Atoll, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 84: 345-358.


Humes, A.G
1973aNanaspis (Copepoda, Cyclopoida) Parasitic on the Holothurian Thelenota ananas (Jaeger) at Eniwetok Atoll, J. Parasitol., 59: 384-395.


Humes, A.G
1973bCyclopoid Copepods (Lichomolgidae) from Octo-corals at eniwetok Atoll, Beautifortia, 21: 135-151.


Humes, A.G
1974Octopicola regalis n. sp. (Copepoda, Cyclopoida, Lichomolgidae) Associated with Octopus cyaneus from New Caledonia and Eniwetok Atoll, Bull. Mar. Sci., 24: 76-85.


Hunt, C.D. & F.L.Peterson
1980Groundwater resources of Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, Water Resources Research Center.


Hurd, D.C., and D.S. Lawson
1975 On the Possible Concentration of Radionuclides by the Siliceous Spicules from Enewetak Lagoon, MPML Ann. Rept. FY 1975.


Ingram, W.M., and J.P.E. Morrison
n.d Cypraeidae of the Marshall Islands, MS., U.S. National Museum.


Jackson, W.B. & R.L. Strecker
1962Ecological Distribution and relative numbers. In: N. Storer, Pacific Island Rat Ecology. Report on a study made on Ponape and adjacent islands 1955 - 1958. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 225. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 45-63.


Jackson, W.B., and M.L. Carpenter
1967Radioisotope Cycling in Terrestrial Communities at Eniwetok Atoll, in Proceedings of the Second National Symposium on Radioecology, Ann Arbor May 15-17, 1967, Atomic Energy Commission, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, pp. 644-651.


Jackson, W.B., S.H.Vessey & R.K.Bastian
1987Biology of the Rodents of Enewetak Atoll. In: Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 203-214.


Jackson, W.B
1968Dragonfly Populations at Eniwetok Atoll, Bioscience, 18: 1123.


Jacot, A.P
1928New oribatoid mites. Psyche 35, 213-215.
cientific account of mites from the Pacific area, including records from Wake Atoll.


Jacot, A.P
1929Concerning the genus Neolides (Oribatoidea - Acarina). American Microscopical Society Transactions.48, 30-48
Scientific account of mites from the Pacific area, including records from Wake Atoll.


Jacot, A.P
1934Some Hawaiian Oribatoidea (Acarina). Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 121. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 1-99.
Scientific account of mites from the Pacific area, including records from Wake Atoll.


Jenkyns, H. C., Mutterlose, J. and Sliter, W. V
1995Upper Cretaceous carbon- and oxygen-isotope stratigraphy of deep-water sediments from the North-Central Pacific (Site 869, flank of Pikinni-Wodejebato, Marshall Islands). Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 143: 105-nnn.


Jeschke, Carl
1905Bericht über den Orkan in den Marschall-Inseln am 30. Juni 1905 . Petermanns Mitteilungen 51, 248-249.
The report describes the effects of the 1905 cyclone on the southern Atolls in the Marshall Islands:when a 12m high wave washed across Mile, Ngarikrik, Arno, parts of Majuro and Jaluit, destroying several islets and killing several people.


Jeschke, Carl
1906Bericht über die Marschall-Inseln. Petermanns Mitteilungen 52, 270-277.
The report describes the effects and after-effrects of the 1905 cyclone on the southern Atolls in the Marshall Islands. It contains a descripotion of the effects on Ujelang, about which information had been unavailable the year before.


Johannes, R. E., J. Alberts, C. D'Elia, R. A. Kinzie, L. R. Pomery, W. Sottie, W. Wiebe, J. A. Marsh, Jr., P. Helfrich, J. Maragos, J. Meyer, S. Smith, D. Crabtree, A. Roth, L. R. McCloskey, S. Betzer, N. Marshall, M. E. Q. Pilson, G. Telek, R. I. C lutter, W. D. DuPaul, K. L. Webb, and J. M. Wells, Jr
1972The Metabolism of Some Coral Reef Communities: A Team Study of Nurtient and Energy Flux at Eniwetok, Bioscience, 22: 541-543.


Johannes, R.E., and R.P. Gerber
1974 Import and Export of Net Plankton by an Enewetak Coral Reef Community, in Proceedings of the Second International Coral Reef Symposium, Australia, 1973: pp. 97-104.


Johnson, M.W
1949 Zooplankton as an Index of Water Exchange Between Bikini Lagoon and the Open Sea Trans. Am. Geophy. Union, 30: 238-244.


Johnson, M.W
1954 Plankton of the Northern Marshall Islands, Bikini and Nearby Atolls, U.S. Geol. Surv. Professional Paper 260-F, 301-314.


Johnson, O.W. and Kienholz, R.J
1975. New avifaunal records for Enewetok. Auk 92, 592-594.

Johnson, O.W. and Kleinholz, R.J
1975New avifaunal records for Enewetok. Auk 92, 592-594.


Johnson, O.W
1973 Reproductive condition and other features of shorebirds resident at Enewetok Atoll during the boreal summer. Condor 75: 336-343.

1977Plumage and molt of shorebirds summering at Enewetak Atoll. Auk 94: 222-230.

1979 Biology of shorebirds summering on Enewetak Atoll. Studies in Avian Biology 2:193-205.


Johnson, S., and L.M. Boucher
1983 Notes on Some Opisthobranchia (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from the Mashall Islands, Including 57 New Records, Pac. Sci., 37: 251-291.


Johnson, W.O. and Morton, M.L
1976 Fat content and flight range in shorebirds summering at Enewetak Atoll. Condor 78: 144-145.


Johnston, D.W. & R.W.McFarlane
1967Migration and bioenergetics of flight in the Pacific golden plover. Condor 69 (2), 156-168.


Jordan, K
1939 On the constancy and variability of the differences between Old World Species of Utheisa (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae). Novitates Zoologicae 41, 251-291.


Kay, E.A. & S.Johnson
1987 Mollusca of Enewetak Atoll. In: Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 105-146.


Kempny, P
1904Beitrag zur Neuropternfauna der Marshall-Inseln, nebst Beschreibung zweier neuer Chrysopa-Arten, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges Wien., 54: 352-355.


King, R.D
ndIndex to the islands of the Territory of Hawaii, including other islands under the souvereignty of the United States scattered in the North Pacific Ocean. Honolulu:nnn


Koranda ,J.J., J.R. Martin, M.L.Stuart, D.R.McIntyre & G.Potter
1973Enewetak Radiological Survey NVO-140. Las Vegas, Nevada:U.S.Atomic Energy Commission.


Koranda, J.J., J.R. Martn, S.E. Thompson, Jr., M.L. Stuart, D.R. McIntyre, and G. Potter
197Enewetak Radiological Survey, NVO-140, U.S. Atomic Energy Commssion, Las Vegas, Nevada, pp. 225-235.


Koranda, J.J., W.L. Robison, S.E. Thompson, and M.L. Stuart
1978Enewetak Radioecolgy Reseach Program: I. Ecological Studies on Enjebi Island 1975-1976.Lawrence Livermore Laboratory Report UCRL-52409-1, University of California, Livermore.


Kornicker, Louis S
1987Ostracoda ( Myodocopina) of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 217 - 220.


Krämer, Augustin
1927Die Entsehung der Korallen Inseln nach neuen Gesichtspunkten auf Grund eigener Untersuchungen. Stuttgart: E. Schweitzerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung.


Krauss, N.L.H
1969Wake Island (Western Pacific) Bibliography. Honololu: N.L.H. Krauss.


Ladd, H.S., J.I. Tracey, J.W. Wells & K.O. Emery
1950Organic growth and sedimentation on an atoll. Journal of Geology 58:410-425


Ladd, H.S., J.I.Tracey & G.G.Lill
1948Drilling on Bikini Atoll, M.I. Science 107,51-55.


Laird, W.E
1981Soil Survey of Airik, Arno, Mili and Taroa; Marshall Islands.United States Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service, Honolulu, Hawaii, in conjunction with the office of the High Commissioner, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Department of Resource and Development, Government of the Marshall Islands; United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service; and University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources; April 1981. 76 pages. Ms. on file, National Archives of the Marshall Islands.
Discussion of the soil types on the four islands investigated. Discusses soil properties in terms of land use, chemistry, sanitatary facilities, building site development, construction materials and water management. uses generalised soil classification for the Marshall Islands.Mapping of soil units was conducted on 1940s airphotos.


Laird, W.E
1989Soil Survey of the islands of Airik, Arno, Majuro, Mili and Taroa; Republic of the Marshall Islands. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service.


Lamberson, J.O
1987Natural History of Terrestrial Vascular Plants on Enewetak Atoll. In: D.M.Devaney, E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich (eds.), The natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Vol. II Biogeography and systematics. Oak Ridge, ten.: U.S. Department of Energy.


Lamberson, Janet O
1987Reptiles of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 325 - 330.


Lane, I.E
1960 in Microclimatic Observations at Eniwetok, D.I. Blumenstock and D.F. Rex, Atoll Research Bull., No. 71, Pacific Science Board, Washington, D.C., pp. 15-19.


Laubenfels, M.W. de
1950Ocean currents in the Marshall Islands. Geographical Review 40 (2), 254-259.


Lee, M.A., amd J.S. Lee
1978 Terrestrial Nutrient Cycling: Analysis of Compartments, Mis-Pacific Marine Laboratory Annual Report, 1975-1976, NVO 0628-2, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.


Leff, D.N
1940Uncle Sam's Pacific Islets. Stanford University:Stanford University Press.
Description of the geography, natural history and history of the central Pacific islands and other possessions of the U.S. in the Pacific Ocean.Brief description of Wake Atoll, not too accurate.


Leopold, E.B
1969 Miocene Pollen and Spore Flora of Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 260-II.


Leopold, E.B
1969Miocene Pollen and Spore Flora of Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 260-II. Washington, D.C.: U.S.Geological Service.


Lewis, A.G
1968 Copepod Crustaceans Parasitic on Fishes of Eniwetok Atoll, Proc. U.S. nat. Mus., 125: 1-78.


Lewis, Paul
1992 Island Nations Fear a Rise in the Sea. New York Times, February 17 1992, A3.


Lewis, Paul
1992Danger of Floods Worries Islanders. New York Times, May 13 1992, A11.


Lowman, F. G., and R. F. Palumbo
1962 Occurrence of Bismuth-207 at Eniwetok Atoll, Nature (Lond.), 193: 796-797


Maa, T.C
1968 Records of Hippoboscidae (Diptera) from the central Pacific. Journal Medical Entomology 5(3), 325-328.


Maguire, B. Jr
1967Small Freshwater Organisms on Eniwetok Atoll, Micronesica, 3: 151-157.


Major, H
1938 Fresh vegetables and fruit; new possibility for tropics. Pacific Islands Monthly Vol. 8(12), July 1938, Page 43.
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.

1938 Hydroponic soilless farm created on Wake Island. Science (n.s.) 8, 12.
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.

1938 Hydroponics on Wake. Time May 23, 1938. Vol. 31, 22.
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.

1938 Wake Island's soilless farm well under way. Science News Letter. 33, 381 (June 11, 1938).
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.

1938A hydroponic farm on Wake Island. Science Supplement 87 (2263) May 13, 1938.
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.

1938Isle of paradoxes. Country Life 74, 36-39.
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.

1939 A trip to Wake Island. China Journal 30, 333-339.
Note on the vegetation of Wake Atoll and on the hydroponic vegetable garden maintained for the Pan American Airways Station.

1940 "Bath-tub gardens"; development of life on Pacific Island airports. Pacific Islands Monthly Vol 10(6). January 1940, Page 43.
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables. Mentions also the imports of soil to Midway Atoll.

1940Wake - the vegetable isle. Paradise of the Pacific 52(1), 13.
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.

1940What's become of hydroponics? Success of Pan American Airways' chemical gardens on Pacific Island revives interest. Business Week July 27, 1940, P.38
The article discusses the hydroponic gardens run by L.Laumeister and later by T.Lyons on Wake Atoll to supply the Pan American Airways trans-Pacific air service with fresh vegetables.


Manner, H.I
1990A review of atoll agriculture and ecology with respect to climate change and sealevel rise in the Pacific basin. In: P.J.Hughes & G.McGregor (eds.), Gloval warming-related effects on agriculture and human health and comfort in the South Pacific. A report to the South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme and the United Nations Environment Programme. The Association of South Pacific Environmental Institutions, University of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby. Pp. 41-64.


Manning, R.B., and M.L. Reaka
1982Gonodactylus insularis, a New Stomatopod Crustacean from Enewetak Atoll, Pacific Oceaas, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 95: 347-351.


Marcus, E., and J.B. Burch
1965Marine Euthyneuran Gastropoda from Eniwetok Atoll, Western Pacific, Malacologia, 3: 235-262.


Marsh, James A. Jr
1987Reef Processes: Energy and Materials Flux in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 159 - 180


Marshall, H.G
1968Marine phytoplankton collected at Wake Island. Hydrobiology 31 (1/2), 145-149.


Marshall, J.F. & G. Jacobson
1985Holocene growth of a mid-Pacific atoll Tarawa atoll, Kiribati. Coral Reefs, 4, 11-17.


Marshall, J.T
1950Vertebrate ecology of Arno Atoll. Atoll Research Bulletin 3. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Marshall, J.T
1957Atolls visited during the first phase of the Pacific Islands Rats Ecology project. Atoll Research Bulletin 56. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Mason, L
1951Micronesia: Marshalls, Gilberts, Ocean Island and Nauru. In: O.W.Freeman (ed.), Geography of the Pacific.New York: Wiley & Sons. Pp.270-297.


Mason, Leonard
1952Anthropology-Geography Study of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 10. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


May, C.P
1973Oceania, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia. New York: Thomas Nelson Inc.


Mayr, E
1945 Bird conservation in the southwest Pacific. Audubon Magazine 47, 279-282.
General paper on birds and bird conservation in the Pacific area.


McCoid, M. J., R. A. Hensley, and G. J. Witteman
1994. Factors in the decline of Varanus indicus on Guam, Mariana Islands. Herpetological Review 25, no. 2 (1994): 60-61.


McKee, E.D
1956Geology of Kapingamarangi Atoll, Caroline Islands. U.S. Geological Survey.


McKee, E.D
1959Storm sediments on a Pacific Atoll. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 29, 354-364.


Meinecke, Carl E
1863Die Gilbert und Marschall-Inseln. Zeitschrift für allgemeine Erdkunde, N.S. 15, 369-417.


Meinicke, G
1876Die Inseln des Stillen Oceans, Eine geographische Monographie. 2 vols. Leipzig: Paul Frohberg.
A monograph on the geography of the Pacific Ocean, discussing the physical geography, the ethnography and the history of the island groups. Makes references to Wake Atoll as part of the Marshall Islands.


Merrill, E.D
1981Plant life of the Pacific world. Rutland, Vermont: Charles E.Tuttle Co.


Merrill, John T. and Duce, Robert A
1987 Meteorology and Atmospheric Chemistry of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 71 - 90


Middlebrook, R.E., L.W. Wittle, and E.D. Scura
1972 Isolation and Purification of Naturally Occuring Compounds of Marine Organisms, EMBL Ann. Rept. FY 1971-72.


Miller, B.A
1966 Studies on the Biology and Ecology of Some Indo-Pacific Terebra from Eniwetok Atoll, M.Sc. thesis, University of Hawaii.


Miller, H.A. & M.S.Doty
1953Bryophytes from Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 25. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Munro, G.C
1944Birds of Hawaii. Honolulu: Tongg Publishing Co.


Munro, G.C
1960Birds of Hawaii. Rutland: Charles E. Tuttle.


Munter, W.H
1915Report on destruction of bird life on Laysan Island. Annual Report of the Coast Guard for 1915. PP. 130-140.


Murano, M
1983Mysidacea Fauna from Enewetak Lagoon, Micronesia, Bull. Plankton Soc. Jpn., 30: 81-90.


Naval Intelligence Division
1945Pacific Islands. Vol. 4: Western Pacific (New Guinea and islands northward). B.R. 519C Geographical Handbook Series. London: Naval Intelligence Division.


NOAA, National Oceanic and Athmospheric Administration
ndLocal climatological data, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean, Annual summary with comparative data. Asheville, N.C.: National Oceanic and Athmospheric Administration, Environmental Data and Information Service, National Climatic Center.


NOAA, National Oceanic and Athmospheric Administration
ndLocal climatological data, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean, Monthly summary. Asheville, N.C.: National Oceanic and Athmospheric Administration, Environmental Data and Information Service, National Climatic Center.


Odum, E.P. & H.T.Odum
1957Zonation of corals on Japan Reef, Enetwetok Atoll. Atoll Research Bulletin 52. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Odum, H. T., and E. P Odum
1995Trophic Structure and Productivity of a Windward Coral Reef Community on Enlwetok Atoll, Ecol. Monogr., 25: 291 320.


Okabe, M
An emuneration of the plants collected in the Marshall Islands. Journal of the Japanese For. Society 23, 261-272.


Oliver, D.L
1975The Pacific Islands. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.


Olson, S.L
1996History and ornithological journals of the Tanager Expedition of 1923 to the northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Johnston and Wake Islands. Atoll Researdh Bulletin. 433.


Pacific Islands Pilot
194Pacific Islands Pilot, Vol. II : The central groups comprising New Caledonia and Iles Loyalty; the New Hebrides Group and Santa Cruz Islands; the Fiji Islands and the Tonga, Samoa, Ellice, Gilbert, Marshall, Phoenix and Tokelau Islands. 7th edition. London: Hydrographic Department, Admiralty.


Pacific Islands Pilot
1908Pacific Islands Pilot, Vol. II : The central groups comprising New Caledonia and Iles Loyalty; the New Hebrides Group and Santa Cruz Islands; the Fiji Islands and the Tonga, Samoa, Ellice, Gilbert, Marshall, Phoenix and Tokelau Islands. 4th edition. London: Hydrographic Department, Admiralty


Pacific Islands Pilot
1956Pacific Islands Pilot, Vol. II : The central groups comprising New Caledonia and Iles Loyalty; the New Hebrides Group and Santa Cruz Islands; the Fiji Islands and the Tonga, Samoa, Ellice, Gilbert, Marshall, Phoenix and Tokelau Islands. 8th edition. London: Hydrographic Department, Admiralty.


Palumbo, R. F
1950Algree Radiobiological Survey of Bikini, Eniwetok, and Likiep Atolls, July-August 1949, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, AECD 3446, pp. 108-118.


Palumbo, R. F
1955 Uptake of Iodine-131 by the Red Alga Asparagopsis taxiformis, U. S. Atomi Energy Commision, UWFL-44,8 pp.


Palumbo, R. F
1959Gross Beta Radioactivity of the Algea of Enewetak Atoll, 1954-1956, U. S.Atomic Energy Commision, UWFL-61, 32 pp.


Palumbo, R.F
1962Recovery of the Land Plants at Eniwetok Atoll Following a Nuclear Detonation, Radiation Biol., 1: 182-189.


Peale, T.R
1848Mammals and Ornithology. In: U.S.Exploring Expedition, Vol 8, Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard.
First description of the birds and mammals from Wake Atoll, collected and observed during Charles Wilkes' U.S.Exploring Expedition's visit to the atoll in 1840.


Pearson, D.L. and Knudsen, J.W
1967. Avifaunal records from Enewetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Condor 69(2): 201-203.

Pearson, D.L. and Knudsen, J.W
1967Avifaunal records from Enewetok Atoll, Marshall Islands. Condor 69(2): 201-203.


Pearson, P. N
1995Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy and the development of pelagic caps on guyots in the Marshall Islands Group. Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 144: 21-nnn.


Pernetta, J.C. & Hughes, P.J
1989Studies and reviews on greenhouse related climatic change impacts on the Pacific Islands. Prepared by a task team of the Association of South Pacific Environmental Institutions for SPC/UNEP/ASPEI Intergovernmental meeting on climatic change and sea-level rise in the South Pacific, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 16-20 July 1989. Port Moresby: Department of Biology, University of Papua New Guinea.


Phelps, T. J., R. L. Siegrist, N. E. Korte, D. A. Pickering, J. M. Strong Gunderson, A. V. Palumbo, J. F. Walker, C. M. Morrissey, and R. Mackowski
1994 Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil Column Lysimeters from Kwajalein Island. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 46: 835-845.


Pickering, C
1879Geographical distribution of animals and plants. U.S.Exploring Expedition 19 (2), 1-524. Philadelphia:C.Sherman.


Poole, A.J. & V.S.Schantz
1942Catalog of type specimens of mammals in the U.S. National Museum. U.S.National Museum Bulletin 178. Washington, D.C.: U.S.National Museum.


Porter, H.P
1953. The brave young birds of Wake Island. Elepaio 13:47-48.

Porter, H.P
1953The brave young birds of Wake Island. Elepaio 13, 47-48.
Description of bird populations on Wake Atoll unharmed by Typhoon Olive in 1952.


Pratt, H.D. and Bruner, P.L
1981Noteworthy records of non-breeding birds in Micronesia. Micronesica 17:195-198.


Pratt, H.D., Bruner, P.L. & Berret, D.G
1987A field guide to the birds of Hawaii and the tropical Pacific. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
A detailed guide to the bird species in the Pacific, contains references to Wake.


Pratt, H.D., Bruner, P.L. and Berrett, D.G
1987. The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press

Rack, F. R., Bohrmann, H. W. and Hobbs, P. R. N
1995 Data Reports: Mass accumulation rate calculations and laboratory determinations of calcium carbonate and eolian material in Neogene sediments from the Marshall Islands, Sites 871, 872, and 873 Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 144: 953-nnn.


Randall, John E. and Randall, Helen A
1987Annotated Checklist of the Fishes of Enewetak Atoll and Other Marshall Islands in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 289 - 324.


Ravi, B.N., and P.J. Scheuer
1976Toxins and Biomedical Agents of Marine Invertebrates, MPML Ann. Rept. FY 1975.


Ravi, B.N., H. Perry Perzanowski, R.A. Ross, T.R. Erdman, and P.J. Scheuer
1979Recent Research in Marine Natural Products: the Puupehenones, Pure and Appl. Chem., 51: 1983-1900.


Reaka, M.L., and R.B. Manning
1987bThe Distributional and Behavioral Ecology and the Ecology of Color Patterns in the Stomatopod Crustacea from Enewetak Atoll, Smith, Contr. Mar. Sci., (in press).


Reaka, M.L
1973Variation in Aggressive Behavior in Populations of Gonodactylus falcatus (Stomatopoda: Crustacea) from Populations in Isolation and in Sympatry with Congeners, Eniwetok Mar. Bio;. Lab., Ann. Rept, 1972-1973, pp. 51-54.


Reaka, Marjorie L. and Manning, Raymond B
1987Stomatopod Crustacea of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 181 - 190.


Reese, Ernst S
1987Mammals of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 333 - 336.


Reeves, W.C
1953Possible recent introductions of mosquito vectors of human diseases in the central Pacific. Proceedings of the seventh Pacific Science Congress 7, 371-373.


Reigle, N.J
1964 Nonmarine Mollusks of Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands, Pac. Sci., 18: 126-129.


Renaud, M.L
1977Observations on the Behaviour and Shell Types of Cypraea moneta at Enewetak, Marshall Islands, Pac. Sci., 30: 147-158.


Ristvet, Byron L
1987Geology and Geohydrology of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 37 -56


Rogers, D.P
1947Fungi of the Marshall Islands, Central Pacific Ocean, Pac. Sci., 1: 92-107.


Rogers, O.G
1946Report on soils of Micronesia. Honolulu, U.S.Commercial Company, Economic Survey. Printed for Division of Land Management, resources and development, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. June 1967.


Rosen, L., W.C.Reeves & T.Aarons
Aedes aegypti on Wake. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 13, 255-256.


Rothschild, W
1903 Hypotaenida wakensis n. sp. British Ornithological Bulletin 13(99), 78.
Original description of the Wake Atoll rail.<p>


Roy, P., and J. Connell
1989The Greenhouse Effect: Where Have All the Islands Gone? Pacific Islands Monthly, April/May 1989.


Sachet, M.-H
1955 Punice and other extraneous volcanic material on coral atolls. Atoll Research Bulletin 38. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Sachet, M.H
1953Scorpions from Coral Atolls. Atoll Research Bulletin 26. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Sager, W. W., Tarduno, J. A. and MacLeod, C. J
1995Paleomagnetism of Cretaceous sediments, Hole 869B, Marshall Islands: magnetic polarity, paleolatitude, and a paleomagnetic pole. Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 143: 405-nnn.


Saller, A.H. and Moore Jr., C.H
1989Meteoric diagenesis, marine diagenesis and microporosity in Pleistocene and Oligocene limestones, Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands. Sedimentary geology. 63(3-4): 253-nnn.


Samuelson, G. Allen and Nishada, Gordon M
1987Insects and Allies (Arthropoda) of Enewetak Atollin Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 147 - 178.


Sapper, Karl
1933Einige Atoll der Marschall-Gruppe. Petermann's Mitteilungen 79, 289-291.


Schipper, W.L
1985. Observations of birds in Kwajalein Atoll, 1978-1983. Elepaio 46(4): 27-32.

Schipper, W.L
1985Observations of birds in Kwajalein Atoll, 1978-1983.Elepaio 46(4): 27-32.


Schmidt, O.C
1928Verzeichnis der Meeresalgen von Neu-Guinea und dem westlichen Oceanien. Hedwigia 68, 19-86.
Scientific study of marine algae from the Pacific Ocean. Contains references to Wake Atoll.


Schnee, H
1904Zur Geologie des Jaluit Atolls. Globus, 85, 329-333;352-356; 363-367.
Description of the Geology and geomorphology of the Jaluit Atoll, discussing the genesis of the atoll, the reef formation and the genesis of the islets.


Schnee, P
1904. Die Landfauna der Marshall-Inseln. Zoologische Jahrbücher 20, 387-412..

Schnee, Paul
1903Darwinistische Studie auf einer Koralleninsel. Odenkirchen.


Schnee, Paul
1904 . Die Landfauna der Marshall-Inseln nebst einigen Bemerkungen zur Fauna der Insel Nauru. Zoologische Jahrbücher 20, 387-412.
The paper, written by the German Government Physician of the Marshall Islands, summarises the german knowledge of the fauna of the Marshall Islands. Schnee lists eigth species of mammals (including domestic and commensal species), 4 species of domestic and 24 species of wild birds and 6 species of reptiles. Most of his effort was directed to collect insects.


Schnee, Paul
1904. Die Kriechtiere der Marschall-Inseln. Zoologischer Garten 43, 354-362.
The paper describes a collection of insects made 1901-02 by the German Government Physician of the Marshall Islands


Schnee, Paul
1904Land und Leute der Marschallinseln. Zeitschrift für Kolonialpolitik, Kolonialrecht, und Kolonialwirtschaft 6, 245-265.


Schofield, J.A
1977Late Holocene Sea Level, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, West Central Pacific Ocean. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 20, 503-529.


Schumann, K. & K.Lauterbach
1901Die Flora der deutschen Schutzgebiete in der Suedsee. Leipzig: pp.1-613.


Schumann, K
1888Die Flora des deutschen ost-asiatischen Schutzgebietes. Botanisches Jahrbuch 9,189-223.


Schwabe, G
1905Der Taifun auf Jaluit. Deutsche Kolonialzeitung 22, 401-402.


Scott, G.A.J. & G.M. Rotondo
1983 A model to explain the differences between Pacific Plate Island-Atoll types. Coral Reefs 1, 139-150.


Seidel, Hans
1882Bemerkenswerte Atoll der Marshall-Gruppe. Natur 35, 420-422.


Seitz, Dr
1904Ueber die von Hern Dr. Schnee auf Jaluit gesammelten Grosschmetterlinge. Zoologische Jahrbücher 20, 392-403.
The paper describes a collection of large butterflies made 1902-03 by the German Government Physician of the Marshall Islands


Shepard, Richard F
1993Island States Take a Giant Step. Earth Times, August 30, 1993, 3.


Showers, W.I., and M. Atkinson
1979Functional Morphology, Biometry and Life History of the Foraminifera Rosalina globularis, MPRL Report for FY 1979, pp. 80-90.


Siegrist, R. L., T. J. Phelps, N. E. Korte, and D. A. Pickering
1994Characterization and Biotreatability of Petroleum Contaminated Soils in a Coral Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 46, (October 1994): 757-773.


Simon, S. L., Jenner, T. and Borchert, A. d
1995A comparison of macro- and microscopic measurements of plutonium in contaminated soil from the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry 194 (1): 197-nn.


Smith, S. V. and J. A. Marsh, Jr
1973Organic Carbon Production on the Winward Reef Flat of Eniwetok Atoll, Limnol, Oceanogr., 18: 953-961


Sparrow, F.K
1948Soil Phycomycetes from Bikini, Eniwetok, Rongerik, and Rongelap Atolls, Mycologia, 40: 445-453.


Spennemann, Dirk H.R.
1989Geomorphological survey of Torwa Island, Maloelap Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. 5 - 12 September 1989. Geomorphological Report DRS-GEO 2 (1989). Ms on file at the Alele Museum, P.O.Box 629, Majro, Republic of the Marshall Islands 96960
The report describes the effects of erosion which occurred on Taroa, Maloelap since the end of the Japanese occupation.

1996Gifts from the waves. A case of marine transport of obsidian to Nadikdik Atoll and the occurrence of other drift material in the Marshall Islands. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report Vol. 23.Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW
The report discusses the find of a piece of pumice with a section of obsidian attached to it on Nadikdik Atoll, Marshall Islands, and the implications of this find of floating obsidian on the interpretation of archaeological sites in the Pacific region
1996In a tropical marine climate: Conservation Management of Historic Metals. APT Bulletin 22(4), 111-112.
Low-lying islands and atolls are particularly prone to storm surges created by tropical depressions and typhoons. This paper presents a case study of traditional and contemporary settlement patterns of Majuro, the capital of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and discusses its vulnerability to such storm surges. The paper shows that the application of traditional knowledge extends to the realm of urban planning and that, in fact, ignoring this traditional knowledge as expressed in pre-World War II settlement patterns, exposes urban development to increased flood hazards, a risk which may exact a price too high in life and property.

1997Distribution of rat species on the atolls of the Marshall Islands: Past and present dispersal. Atoll Research Bulletin 446, 1-8.
1997 . On the origin of drift materials in the Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 444, 1-8.
The oceanic dispersal of plants and animals has been the focus of some studies ever since organised natural history started in the Pacific, and the dispersal by sea rafting has been given due consideration. The finding of drift materials such as glass floats, tree trunks and seeds, is a common occurrence on the shores of Pacific Islands, but in most cases the origin of that material is unknown or at least equivocal. Thus while the principle of sea rafted dispersal is known and reported at length, there is a need to document those occasions where positive proof of origin can be furnished.

1998A note on a 19th century sighting of a ground-dwelling bird on Bokak, the northernmost atoll of the Marshall Islands. Corella 22(4), 111-112
1998Japanese poaching and the enforcement of German souvereignty in the Marshall Islands Journal of Pacific History 38(1), 51-67.
1998Excessive harvesting of Pacific seabird populations at the turn of the 20th century Marine Ornithology 26, 1998 [1999], 49-57
1999Exploitation of bird plumages in the German Mariana Islands . Micronesica 31(2), 309318
At the turn of the century the millinery industry had a great demand for sea-bird feathers. The German colonial government licensed the hunting of birds on the northern islands of the Marianas. The paper reviews the available historic records and outlines the degree of impact on the local bird population.

St. John, Harold
1950Flora of Engebi, Aomon-Biijire, and Runit Islands, Rep. UWFL-23, Sect. V, Appl. Fish. Lab. Univ. Wash.

1960, Flora of Eniwetok Atoll, Pac. Sci., 14: 313-335.


Steadman, D.W. and Intoh, M
1994Biogeography and prehistoric exploitation of birds from Fais Island, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 48(2), 116-135.


Steadman, D.W
1992Extinct and extirpated birds from Rota, Marianas Islands Micronesica 25(1), 71 84.


Steadman, D.W
1995 Prehistoric extinctions of Pacific island birds: biodiversity meets zooarchaeology. Science 267(5201), 1123-1131.


Steinbach, E
1895Die Marschall-Gruppe und ihre Bewohner. Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin, Verhandlungen. XXII 449-488.


Steinbach, Erwin
1893 Zum Klima der Marshall-Inseln. Mittheilungen von Forschungsreisenden und Gelehrten aus den Deutschen Schutzgebieten 6, 314-319.
The report covering the period of January 1, 1892 to March 31, 1893, describes and tabulates the climatic observations made by the German Colonial health Offical.


Steinbach, Erwin
1894Bemerkungen über das Klima von Jaluit. Mittheilungen von Forschungsreisenden und Gelehrten aus den Deutschen Schutzgebieten 7, 305-318.
The paper discusses the climatic variations and conditions observed on Jaluit Atoll. The report stresses the regularity in the temperature regime and the irregularity in the precipitation. Mentions that an especially large number of pumice were washed ashore in Jaluit and other parts of the Marshall Islands in September 1894. Ships are said to have driven/sailed through large fields of drifting pumice stone.


Steinbach, Erwin
1895Einiges über die klimatischen Verhältnisse des Marshall-Archipels. Deutsche Kolonialzeitung 23 June 1895.


Stevens, William K
1992 12 Sign the Climate Treaty as Political Clouds Gather. New York Times, June 5 1992.


Stevens, William K
1994Warming of Deep Sea Is Surprising. The New York Times, May 10 1994, C4.


Stokes, D.R
1966Some Aspects of the Biology of Neritid Gastropods at Eniwetok, M.Sc. (Plan B), University of Hawaii, 46 pp.


Stone, E.L
1951The soils of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 5. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Stone, E.L
1953Summary of information on atoll soils. Atoll Research Bulletin 22. Washington: Pacific Science Board.


Sugerman, B.B
1972a Insects and Other Arthropods from Kwajalein Atoll (Marshall Islands), Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 21: 271-286.


Sugerman, B.B
1972b Insects of Lib Island (Marshall Islands), Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 21: 287-289.


Sugerman, B.B
1979 Additions to the List of Insects and other Arthropods from Kwajalein Atoll (Marshall Islands), Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 23: 147-151.


Szabo, B.J., J.I.Tracey & E.R.Goter
1986Ages of Subsurface Stratigraphic Intervals in Quarternary of Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands. Quarternary Research 23, 54-61.


Tagliaferri, E., Spalding, R. and Ceplecha, Z
1995Analysis of the Marshall Islands Fireball of February 1, 1994 Earth, moon, and planets. 68(3-4) 563-nnn.


Taylor, R.C
197An atlas of Pacific Islands Rainfall. Prepared for Office of Naval Research under contract N00014-70-A-0016-0001. August 1973 Honolulu: University of Hawaii: Hawaii Institute of Geophysiscs.
Contains precipitation data on Wake.


Taylor, W. R
1950s Marine Algal Vegetation of the Marshall Islands in Comparison with Other Tropical Areas, Seventh Intern. Bot. Congr. Proc. (Stockholm), pp. 826-827


Taylor, W.R
1950Plants of Bikini and Other Northern Marshall Islands, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.


Taylor, W.R
1950Plants of Bikini and the Northern Marshall Islands. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.


Taylor, W.R
1950Plants of Bikini and the Northern Marshall Islands. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.


Temme, M
1979Bird populations on Enewetak Atoll. Mid-Pacific Marine Laboratory Annual Report 1 October 1977-30 September 1978. University of Hawaii, Honolulu. pp. 67-80.


Thaman, R.R
1987Plants of Kiribati: A listing and analysis of vernacular names.Atoll Research Bulletin 296. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.


Thomas, P.E. (ed.)
1989Report of the Northern Marshall Islands Natural Diversity and Protected Areas Survey, 7-24 September 1988. Noumea: SPREP.


Thomas, P.E
1989. Report of the Northern Marshall Islands Natural Diversity and Protected Areas Survey, 7-24 September 1988. Noumea: South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme.

Thompson, G.B
1938The Hippoboscidae (Diptera) recorded from the Pacific Islands. Entomology Monthly Magazine 74, 14-17.
Scientific paper on insects from the Pacific Ocean area, includes references to specimens from Wake Atoll.


Thompson, J.C., Jr., and C.M. Sellers
1967Mis-Pacific Research Laboratory Annual Report., FY 1966-67, 13 pp.


Thompson, J.C., Jr
1968 A Description of Cohnilembus verminus from Eniwetok Atoll, J. Protozool., 15: 396-399.


Titgen, Richard H
1987Cirripedia of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 191 - 196.


Todd, R., and D. Low
1960,<i> Smaller Foraminifera from Eniwetok Drill Holes, Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 260-X, pp. 799-861.


Tracey, J.I & H.S.Ladd
1974Quarternary history of Eniwetok and Bikini Atolls, Marshall Islands. Proceedings of the Second International Coral Reef Symposion. 2:537-550.


Tracey, J.I
1972Holocene emergent reefs in the central Pacific. Abstracts of the Second Conference of the American Quaternary Association 51-52.


Treadwell, A.L
1925Polychateus annelids. In: Marine Zoology of the tropical Central Pacific. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 27: Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 113-119.
The paper discusses the annelids collected during the 1923 Tanager Expedition. The paper includes specimens collected on Wake Atoll.


Tsuda, R. T
1976Ocurrence of the Genus Sargassum (Phaeophyta) on Two Pacific Atolls, Micronesica, 12: 279-282


Tsuda, Roy T
1987Marine Benthic Algae of Enewetak Atoll in Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 1 - 10.


Tudor, J
1968Pacific Islands Year Book and Who's Who. Sydney: Pacific Publications Pty Ltd.


United States, Department of the Interior
1957West Pacific Islands. Official Standard Names approved by the U.S.Board on geographic names. July 1957. Washington: Department of the Interior, Office of Geography.
Official list of geographical names and geographical co-ordinates, including those of the Marshall Islands and Wake Atoll. The list contains also akternate spellings and names.


United States, Hydrographic Office
1938Sailing directions for the Pacific Is;ands. Vol. I Western Groups. H.O. No. 165. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Hydrographic Offic.


United States, Navy
1944Gazetteer (No. 6) Caroline, Marianas, Marshall and Gilbert Islands. 2nd edition. H.O.Publication No. 886. July 1944. Washington: U.S.Navy Department, Hydrographic Office.
Official list of geographical names and geographical co-ordinates, including those of the Marshall islands and Wake Atoll. The list contains also akternate spellings and names.


United States, Navy
ndA climatic summary of Wake Island. Washington, D.C.: U.S.Navy, Chief of Naval Operations, Aerology Section.


Usinger, R.L. & I.La Rivers
1953The Insect Life of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 15. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Usinger, R.L., and I. LaRivers
1953The Insect Life of Arno, Atoll Res. Bull., 15: 1-28.


Usinger, R.L
1937Two new Pacific Island species of Nysius (Lygaeidae - Hemiptera). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 9(3), 439-442.


Usinger, R.L
1941The genus Oechalis (Pentatomidae, Hemiptera). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 11, 59-93.


Usinger, R.L
1946 Heteroptera of Guam. In: Insects of Guam Vol. II. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Bulletin 189. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum. Pp. 11-103.


Usinger, R.L
1949Wartime dispersal of Pacific Islands Nysius (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 13:447


Usinger, R.L
1951Heteroptera in the Marshall Islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 14, 315-321.


Usinger, R.L
1951Heterptera of the Marshall Islands, Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 14: 315-321.


Usinger, R.L
1952New Species and Additional Records of Heteroptera from the Marshall Islands, Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 14: 519-524.


Van Zwalenburg, R.H
1948 New species and records of elaterid beetles from the Pacific III. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 13, 265-276


van Dorn, W.G
1961 The source motion of the tsunami of March 6, 1957 as deduced from wave measurements at Wake Island. Proceedings of the tsunami Symposion, 10th Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu 1961 International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics Monograph 24, Pp. 39-48.
This paper describes the effects and the source of a tsunami affecting Wake Atoll.


van Dorn, W.G
1964 Tsunamis. Advances in Hydrosciences New York: Academic Press. Pp. 1-46.
This paper describes the effects and the source of a tsunami affecting Wake Atoll.


van Dorn, W.G
1969A model experiment on the generation of the tsunami of March 28, 1964 in Alasaka. In: W.M.Adams (ed.), Tsunamis in the Pacific Ocean. Honolulu: East-West Center.
This paper uses data of a tsunami affecting Wake Atoll to explain tsunami theory.


van Dorn, W.G
1970Tsunami response at Wake Island: comparison of the hydraulic and numerical approaches. Journal of Marine Research 28(3), 336-344.
This paper uses data of a tsunami affecting Wake Atoll to explain tsunami theory.


Vastano, A.C. & R.O.Reid
1970Tsunami response at Wake Island:a model study. Journal of Marine Research 28(3),345-356.
This paper uses data of a tsunami affecting Wake Atoll to explain tsunami theory.


Vaughn, Ch
1945 Observations on the birds of Wake Island. The Migrant 16(2), 26-28.
Article on the birds of Wake Atoll after the end of World War II.


Velde, Nancy Vander
1990 Marshall Islands Reef Fishes--In Sea, In Aquaria, and On Stamps. Tropical fish hobbyist. 38(12): 22-nnn.


Verseveldt, J
1972 Report on a Few Octocorals from Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, Zool. Meded., 47: 457-465.


Verseveldt, J
1977Octocorallia from Various Localities in the Pacific Ocean, Zool. Verh. (Leiden) No. 150, pp. 1-42.


Volkens, G
1903 Die Flora der Marschall-Inseln. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens Berlin. 4,83-91.


Walker, Richard B. and Gessel, Stanley P
1991Osmotic Relations of Some Plants of the Northern Marshall Islands. Pacific science.45(1): 55-nnn.


Waller, T.R
1972The Ppectinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) of Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, Veliger, 14: 221-264.


Webb, K. L., W. D. DuPaul, W. Wiebe, W. Sottile, and R. Johannes
1975Enewetak (Eniwetok) Atoll: Aspects of the Nitrogen Cycle on a C oral Ref, Limnol. Oceanogr., 20: 198-210


Welander, A.D., K. Bonham, L.R. Donaldson, R.F. Palumbo, S.P. Gessel, F.G. Lowman, and W.B. Jackson
1966Bikini-Eniwetok Studies, 1964, Rep. UWFL-93, Lab. Radiation Biol. Univ. of Wash.


Wells, J.W
1951The Coral Reefs of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 9. Washington: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council.


Wells, J
1954 Recent Corals of the Marshall Islands, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 260-I, pp. 385-486.


Wetmore, A
1925 Bird life among lava rock and coral sand. The chronicle of a scientific expedition to little-known islands of Hawaii. National Geographic Magazine 48, 77-108.
Description of the Tanager Expedition in 1923 with pictures of Midway and Johnston Atolls.


Wheeler, W.M
1934 Revised list of Hawaiian ants. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 10 (21), 1-21. Honolulu: Bernice P.Bishop Museum.
Scientific study of ants of the Hawaiian area. Includes specimens known from Wake Atoll.


Wiens, H.J
1959Atoll environment and morphology. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 49 (1), 31-55.


Wiens, H.J
1962Atoll environment and Ecology. New Haven: Yale University Press.


Wiens, H.J
1962Pacific Isands Bastions of the U.S. Princeton, N.J.: D.van Nordstrand & Co.


Willan, R.C
1984 The Pleurobranchidae (Opisthobranchia: Notaspidea) of the Marshall Islands, Central West Pacific Ocean, Veliger, 27: 37-53.


Williams, F.X
1945Achaea janata (Linn.) Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 12, 233.
Scientific study of moths of the Hawaiian area, includes specimens from Wake Atoll.


Williamson, I. & M.D.Sabath
1982Island population, land area, and climate: A case study of the Marshall Islands. Human Ecology 10(1), 71-84.


Witt, J
1881Die Marschall-Gruppe, Annalen der Hydrographie IX.
The article gives a description of the Marshall Islands from a mariner's and navigator's point of view describing in detail the passages and the navigational markers. Also contains information on vegetation, availability ofn water and, to some extent, on demography.


Woodbury, A.M
1962A Review of the Ecology of Eniwetok Atoll, Pacific Ocean, Contr. No. DA-42-007-403-CML-427, Univ. Utah Inst. of Env. Biol. Res., U.S. Army Chem. Corps, Dugway Proving Ground.


Wyatt, J. L., Quinn, T. M. and Davies, G. R
1995Preliminary investigation of the petregraphy and geochemistry of limestones at Limalok and Wodejebato Guyots (Sites 871 and 874), Republic of the Marshall Islands. Proceedings of the ocean drilling program 144; 429-nnn.


Yamashina, Y
1940 Some additions to the "List of the birds of Micronesia." Tori 10: 673-679.


Yocom, C.F
1964) Waterfowl wintering in the Marshall Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. The Auk 81:441-442.

1852Crustacea. In: U.S.Exploring Expedition,Vol 13, Crustacea. Philadelphia: C.Sherman.
First description of the crustacea from Wake Atoll, collected and observed during the U.S.Exploring Expedition's visit to Wake Atoll in 1840.

1853Crustacea Vol. II. In: U.S.Exploring Expedition,Vol 14, Crustacea. Philadelphia: C.Sherman.
First description of the crustacea from Wake Atoll, collected and observed during the U.S.Exploring Expedition's visit to Wake Atoll in 1840.

1880bOrnithological letters from the Pacific II. The Ibis 4(15): 329-333.

1961 IX. Typhoon effects on individual species of plants. In: D.i.Blumenstock (ed.) A report on Typhoon effects upon Jaluit Atoll. Atoll Resarch Bulletin 75. Washington, D.C.: Pacific Science Board. Pp. 57-68.


Zmarzly, D.L
1984 Distribution and Ecology of Shallow-Water Crinoids at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, with an Annotated Checklist of Their Symbionts, Pac. Sci., 38: 105-122.

1987. Avifauna of Enewetak Atoll. In: Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume I. The Ecosystem: Environments, Biotas, and Processes. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 215-220.
1987 Birds of Enewetak Atoll. In: Devaney, D.N., E.S.Reese, B.L.Burch & P.Helfrich, The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Volume II. Biogeography and Systematics. Oak Ridge, Ten.: U.S.Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Pp. 331-332.




[Bibliographies]


CONTACT:
Dirk H.R. Spennemann, Institute of Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, P.O.Box 789, Albury NSW 2640, Australia.
e-mail: dspennemann@csu.edu.au


Dirk H.H. Spennemann 2000