Postage Stamps used in the German Marshall Islands
Postal Stationery -- Card P 8
by Dirk H.R. Spennemann

Description Examples of Cancelled Items Modern Reprints and Forgeries




P 8
March 1899 (registration no 399) Main side

P 8
March 1899 (registration no 399) Reply side

For full-sized, unfolded view see here. For other printing dates see here.

The cards have a number combination at the bottom right corner, comprised of the year (last two digits) and the month (remaining digits). The following printing dates have been ascertained.[2]

Frame types2 and 3
399 Variety: frames are broken by white lines

Detail of the broken frame


Angle of Overprint

As the postcards were not overprinted while they were still part of complete and uncut sheets of 25 post cards, but were overprinted as already cut, single cards. The cards were printed on a small press, where the overprint cliché was repositioned every time a new colonial stock was to be printed. Between the alignment errors introduced there and the variation caused by the single-feed of the card stock, the angle and position of the overprint can vary. On record (for all colonies) are angle variations between 42 degrees to 58 degrees. In addition double prints as well as missing overprints on one side of the reply card are known.[3]



Given the nature of the overprints, misprints obviously would occur, espcially among reply cards which had to be inserted twice into the print process. Also, such lacking overprints could only be reliably documented among the reply cards. Such misprints, where only one side carried the overprint, were often reported in the philatelic press, such as a card with the control number 399 which carries the overprint only on the reply side[4], a card which lacks the overprint on the reply side.[7] Many of these were found in standard packs of colonial cards formally sold at the Berlin post office.[8]


Quantities sent

1750 cards of this type were delivered to Jaluit, 300 of which in September 1899.[9]



The last run of Eagle series card was printed on 23 July 1900. Thereafter all postcards bore the Yacht motif.[12] Like the Eagle series stamps, the Eagle series cards of both the Marschall-Inseln and the Marshall-Inseln issues remained valid until 30 September 1901, after which only Yacht series cards were legal postage.[13]


Examples of Cancelled Items

P 8. sent to Hamburg, postmarked Jaluit 13 December 1900, backstamped Hamburg 22 April 1901
[Source e-bay February 2002]

P 8. sent to Spandau (Berlin), postmarked Jaluit 18 October 1900, backstamped Spandau (Berlin) 27 December 1900
[Source e-bay February 2002]

Modern Reprints and Forgeries

Like other post card forgeries were made of this series in the 1970s. These items are printed in better quality, more glossy card stock.. These reprints can also be identified by details in the drawing of the scroll and leaves.

[Contents]    [Eagle Series Stationery]    [Stationery, general]

Bibliographic citation for this document

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2002). Postage Stamps used in the German Marshall Islands. Postal Stationery -- Card P 8
URL: http:/

Dirk H.R. Spennemann, Institute of Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, P.O.Box 789, Albury NSW 2640, Australia.

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