Stamps and Postal History of the German Marshall Islands
|The Oceana was built in 1891 by S. McKnight & Co in Ayr, Scotland, as the steamer Harold. It was a steel screw steamship of 684 tons.|
Steamship Harold Co (Glasgow)
The Harold was registered in Glasgow as sole vessel company, the Steamship Harold Co. In 1895 the steamship Harold smashed through Latchford Locks, causing the newly opened Manchester Ship Canal to partially drain. The lower gates held, averting disaster. [Same vessel?]
Jaluit Gesellschaft (Hamburg)
To provide a reliable communication with the German colonies the German government contracted the Jaluit Gesellschaft to provide mail service connecting Sydney, Jaluit and Yap, where the mails could be transshipped to the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamers. At the same time, the Jaluit Gesellschaft required a suitable vessel conduct a regular shipping service connecting its trading stations in Micronesia with Sydney. The Jaluit Gesellschaft bought the Harold, rechristened her Oceana and had her refitted and modified for the tropical trade. 
The Oceana commenced its steamer service on 1 January 1901 on the initial route ran Sydney-Jaluit-Pohpei-Yap-Palau-Pohnpei-Jaluit-Sydney/ Voyages commenced . When the Norddeutscher Lloyd terminated its Sydney-HongKong run end of 1901, the Jaluit Gesellschaft extended its run to HongKong and included German New Guinea in its route.
The house flag of the Jaluit Gesellschaft
The Jaluit Gesellschaft utilised the Oceana both for the required mail steam service in the islands, and for ###
On 9 December 1903 the Oceanaran aground on a reef on Jaluit, which necessitated a delay of over week. When the vessel arrived in Sydney on 21 January 1904 it was found that repairs were prohibitively expensive and the vessel had to be broken up.  It was replaced by the purpose-built Germania.
The Oceana was laid up in Mosman Bay and remained there until purchased by HC sleigh of Melbourne.
H.C. Sleigh (Melbourne)
The vessel was bought by HC Sleigh and towed in September 1905 to Melbourne by the tug Eagle. It was registered in Melbourne on 30 October 1905 by Harold Crofton Sleigh. English-born Harold Crofton Sleigh (19 May 186724 April 1933) was a Melbourne based merchant and ship owner, who later in 1913 engaged in petrol imports founding a major petrol chain.
In 1907 HC Sleigh sold the Oceana to Japan. From then on the history is at present very sketchy.
T. Yazaki (Osaka)
Between 1907 and 1908 the vessel was registered in Japan by a T. Yazaki of Osaka and renamed the Kyoei Maru No. 3. 
Sato Shokwai (Osaka)
The Kyoei Maru No. 3 operated for the Goshi Shosen Kaisha, also registered in OSaka from about 1909 intil 1912 
S. Toyosaki (Otaru)
From 1913 to 1919 the Kyoei Maru No. 3 was owned by S. Toyosaki of Otaru, Japan. After 1919 the vessel no longer appears in the Lloyds Registers and is likely to have been broken up. 
Kyoei Maru No. 3 (1908-1919)
|Displacement:||684GRT (418.9 NRT)|
|Length overall:||56.9 m (187 feet)|
|Breadth:||8.2 m (27 feet)|
|Height:||4.7 m (15.58 feet)|
|Draught:||XXXX (#### feet)|
|Engine:||Three triple expansion steam engine|
|Power:||92 NHP / 520 IHP|
This history has been compiled from the following sources:|
Dirk H.R. Spennemann, Institute of Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, P.O.Box 789, Albury NSW 2640, Australia.
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