British Naval Heritage in Micronesia:
Tangible evidence of the armament trade from 1890 to 1937
by Dirk H.R. Spennemann


The author is indebted to a number of people who have in one way or the other been directly and indirectly involved in the shaping the ideas expressed in this paper: Abacca Anjain (former Act. Secretary for Interior and Outer Islands [now Internal ] Affairs, Majuro); William Atwater (U.S.Ordnance Museum, Aberdeen proving Ground); Carmen Bigler (Secretary for Internal Affairs and R.M.I. Historic Preservation Officer, Majuro); Steve Birdsall (Mona Vale, Australia); Alfred Capelle (CEO, Alele Inc., Majuro); Bob Courtney (Australian War Memorial, Canberra); Jane Downing (Majuro); Mike Etzel (Australian War Memorial, Canberra); Teddy John (National Historic Preservation Officer, Federated States of Micronesia); Newton I.Lajuan (Archaeology Assistant, Alele Inc); David W.Look, (Chief, Preservation Assistance Branch, Western Regional Office, U.S. national Parks Service, San Francisco); and Steven L.Simon (Head, R.M.I. Independent Nationwide Radiological Survey, Majuro). The responsibility for the contents of the study, however, rests solely with the author. As far as fieldwork is concerned, I am indebted to Mr. Keju Bien (Senator, Mile Atoll); Mr. Milian Karben (Mayor, Mili Local Government Council);Mr. Lomej McKay (Senator Maloelap Atoll); Mr. Tony Philipps (Mayor, Wotje Local Government Council);Mr. Litokwa Tomeing (Senator, Wotje Atoll). The financial support of the R.M.I. Historic Preservation Programme by the R.M.I. Independent Nationwide Radiological Survey, the South Pacific Cultures Fund (Australia), the Office of International and Territorial Affairs, and the National Parks Service, both U.S. Department of the Interior, is gratefully acknowledged.

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Bibliographic citation for this document

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2000). British Naval Heritage in Micronesia: Tangible evidence of the armament trade from 1890 to 1937. Albury:
URL: http:/

Dirk H.R. Spennemann, Institute of Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, P.O.Box 789, Albury NSW 2640, Australia.

(c) Dirk H.R. Spennemann 1993-2000
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