[66]   The Friend 1 April 1871; Fiji Times 7 January 1871. Quoted after Ward 1967: VIII 500-502.--Arrival in Kosrae not listed inHezel 1979. [back]

[67]   See Scrymser 1900. [back]

[68]   Clyde 1935:24; May 1973:133. [back]

[69]   According to some sources (cf. Anonymous 1898b) these landings only occurred in order to give Army troops time to get off the ship and let them have some firm ground under their feet. [back]

[70]   Anonymous 1898c. [back]

[71]   Several files were searched for material on these annexations, as the U.S.National Archives (Washington) do not hold the logbooks of the U.S.Army Transports (which seem to have been discarded by the Army). A number of files were found in Record Group 92, Office of the Quartermaster General, Water Transportation 1834-1900, Box 107 Theobald-Tioea, but no pertinent material was located. [back]

[72]   Dickson 1939; Taussig 1935. [back]

[73]   Some sources purport that this was the official annexation. Cf. Webster 1949:1233. [back]

[74]   In the same year Japan seized Marcus Island (24[o]34'N 154[o]E; 1000 miles NW of Wake) from Spain in order to utilise it as a cable station (Freeman 1951:362). [back]

[75]   Taussig 1935; Report of the Secretary of the Navy 1900 (House Document 3, 56th Congress, 2nd Session, Page 453). The date in this report is erroneously given as January 17, 1900. See also Report of the Secretary of the Navy 1899 (House Document 3, 56th Congress, 1st Session, Page 415). [back]

[76]   Carana & Sanchez 1966. [back]

[77]   The orders had been given on 24 December 1898 (Anonymous 1898a). [back]

[78]   The U.S. then frequently stated souvereignty over Wake: Letter Mr. Hill, Acting Secretary of State to Messrs. Perry, Mason & Co. 18 April 1900. 244 Ms. Dom.Let. 381. Letter Mr. Hill, Acting Secretary of State to Mr. Page. 17 February 1900. 243 Ms. Dom.Let. 246. [back]

[79]   Taussig 1935:807. [back]