British Naval Heritage in Micronesia:
Tangible evidence of the armament trade from 1890 to 1937
by Dirk H.R. Spennemann


[Note 1]
The following list does not claim to be exhaustive: Argentinia: Buenos Aires (1895); Niueve de Julio (1892); Independencia (1891); all built by Elswick; Libertad (ex-Nueve de Julio)(1890) built by Laird, Birkenhead, with guns by Elswick; Jane 1990:292; Brazil: Minas Geraes (1908); Bahia (1909); Rio Grande do Sul (1909); Barreso (1896); Republica (1892); Gustava Sampaio (1896); Tiradentes (1892); all built at Elswick ship yards; Sao Paulo (1909) built by Vickers; Jane 1990: 300-301; Chile: General O'Higgins (1897); Esmeralda (1896), Ministro Zenteno (1895), General Baquedano (18998); Chacabaco (1898) and Blanco Esmeralda (1893), all built by Elswick; Jane 1990:303-305; China: Ying Jui (Vickers 1911), Chao Ho (Elswick 1911); Hai Chi (Elswick 1898); Jane 1990:310; Norway: Harald Haarlage (1897), Tordenskjøld (1897); Norge (1900);Eidsvold (1900); all Elswick; Jane 1990:271; Peru: Almirante Grau (1906); Coronel Bologniesi (1906) at Yarrow with guns by Vickers; Jane 1990:307; Portugal: Almirante Reis (ex-Don Carlos I) (1896); Elswick-built; Jane 1990:288); Rumania: Elisabeth (1887); Elswick-built; Jane 1990:288); Russia: Rurick (Vickers 1905); Jane 1990:237-238; Russia had a major ship building programme of its own.

[Note 2]
Askold, ex-Glory IV, built in 1900; Jane 1990:237-238

[Note 3]
ECUADOR: Libertador Bolivar (ex-A.Simpson, built by Laird, Birkenhead, in 1896 (with Elswick armament) for Chile and sold by Chile to Ecuador in 1907; Jane 1990:306; URUGUAY: Montevideo, ex-24 de Agosto; ex-Dogali; ex-Salamina; built at Elswick in 1890 for Itlay and purchased from Italy in 1908; Jane 1990:308.

[Note 4]
GREECE: Giorgios Averoff, built 1910 in Italy, fitted with Elswick guns; Jane 1990:292; ITALY: various vessels, see Jane 1990:205-211; SPAIN: España (1912); Alfonso Trece (1913) and Jaime Primero (1914), fitted with Vickers guns; Jane 1990:283.

[Note 5]
There appear to be two kinds of Russian World War I 6-inch guns, the characteristics of which are as follows: 6-inch, 45 calibre, 7 tons weight, firing a 89lb projectile with a muzzle velocity of 2600lb at a rate of 3 rounds per minute. The second type has a weight of 7.5 tons and produces a muzzle velocity of 2900 lbs. The other parameters of this guns are the same at those of the first type (Jane 1990:231).

[Next]       [Back to Contents]

Bibliographic citation for this document

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2000). British Naval Heritage in Micronesia: Tangible evidence of the armament trade from 1890 to 1937. Albury:
URL: http:/

Dirk H.R. Spennemann, Institute of Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, P.O.Box 789, Albury NSW 2640, Australia.

(c) Dirk H.R. Spennemann 1993-2000
select from the following...
World War II

Digital Micronesia-An Electronic Library & Archive is provided free of charge as an advertising-free information service for the world community. It is being maintained by Dirk HR Spennemann, Associate Professor in Cultural Heritage Management, Institute of Land, Water and Society and School of Environmental & Information Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Albury, Australia. The server space and technical support are provided by Charles Sturt University as part of its commitment to regional engagement. Environmental SciencesInformation Sciences

© Dirk Spennemann 1999– 2005
Marshall Islands Kosrae CNMI Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Guam Wake Pohnpei FSM Federated States of Micronesia Yap Chuuk Marshall Islands politics public health environment culture WWII history literature XXX Cultural Heritage Management Micronesian Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences CNMI German Colonial Sources Mariana Islands Historic Preservation Spennemann Dirk Spennemann Dirk HR Spennemann Murray Time Louis Becke Jane Downing Downing